Commonwealth Electoral Division of: Charlton (New South Wales)
- Division name: Charlton
- State: New South Wales
- Name derivation: Named after Matthew Charlton (1866-1948), Member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly 1903-10, Member of House of Representatives 1910-28 and leader of ALP 1922-28.
- Size & Location description: Charlton covers an area of approximately 688 sq km from Rankin Park, Cardiff Heights, Cardiff South and Garden Suburb in the east, encompassing all of Lake Macquarie, then extending south to Wyee, including Mandalong and Martinsville to the west and Seahampton, West Wallsend and Maryland in the north. Main suburbs include, Elermore Vale, Fletcher, Minmi and most of Wallsend in the Newcastle area, Boolaroo, Cardiff, Cooranbong, Edgeworth, Morisset, Speers Point, Toronto, part of Warners Bay, and Wangi Wangi in the Lake Macquarie area.
- Products/industries of the area: Light and heavy engineering, timber, textiles, some dairy farms and poultry farming, tourism, coal-mining, electricity, and retailing.
- First proclaimed/election: 1984